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All about: Levofloxacin Ophthalmic

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Some commonly used brand names are:

In the U.S.—

  • Quixin

Category

  • Antibacterial, ophthalmic

Description

Ophthalmic levofloxacin ( (lee-voh-FLOKS-a-sin)) is used in the eye to treat bacterial infections of the eye . Ophthalmic levofloxacin works by killing bacteria.

This medicine is available only with your doctor's prescription, in the following dosage form:

  • Ophthalmic
  • Ophthalmic solution (eye drops) (U.S.)

Before Using This Medicine

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of using the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For levofloxacin, the following should be considered:

Allergies—Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to levofloxacin or any related medicines, such as cinoxacin (e.g., Cinobac), ciprofloxacin (e.g., Cipro or Ciloxan), norfloxacin (e.g., Chibroxin or Noroxin), ofloxacin (e.g., Floxin), or nalidixic acid (e.g., NegGram). Also tell your health care professional if you are allergic to any other substances, such as foods, preservatives, or dyes.

Pregnancy—Levofloxacin has not been studied in pregnant women. Before taking this medicine, make sure your doctor knows if you are pregnant or if you may become pregnant.

Breast-feeding—It is not known whether levofloxacin passes into breast milk. However, similar medicines do pass into breast milk. Be sure you have discussed the risks and benefits with your doctor.

Children—Use is not recommended in infants under 1 year of age. In children older than 1 year, this medicine is not expected to cause different side effects or problems than it does in adults.

Older adults—Many medicines have not been studied specifically in older people. Therefore, it may not be known whether they work exactly the same way they do in younger adults. Although there is no specific information comparing use of levofloxacin in the elderly with use in other age groups, this medicine is not expected to cause different side effects or problems in older people than it does in younger adults.

Other medicines—Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. Tell your health care professional if you using any other prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicine that is to be used in the eye.

Proper Use of This Medicine

Dosing—To use levofloxacin ophthalmic solution (eye drops):

  • First, wash your hands. Then tilt the head back and pull the lower eyelid away from the eye to form a pouch. Drop the medicine into the pouch and gently close the eyes. Do not blink. Keep the eyes closed for 1 or 2 minutes to allow the medicine to come into contact with the infection.
  • If you think you did not get the drop of medicine into your eyes properly, use another drop.
  • To keep the medicine as germ-free as possible, do not touch the applicator tip to any surface (including the eye). Also, keep the container tightly closed.
To help clear up your eye infection completely, keep using ophthalmic levofloxacin for the full time of treatment , even if your symptoms have disappeared. Do not miss any doses . Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label . The following information includes only the average doses of levofloxacin. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are taking levofloxacin .

  • For ophthalmic solution dosage form:
    • For bacterial conjunctivitis:
      • Adults and children 1 year of age and older—Days 1 and 2: Put one to two drops in the affected eye(s) every two hours while awake. Do not put drops in more than 8 times a day. Days 3 through 7: Put one to two drops in the affected eye(s) every 4 hours while awake. Do not put drops in more than 4 times a day.
      • Infants and children up to 1 year of age—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.

Missed dose— If you miss a dose of this medicine, use it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule.

Storage—To store this medicine:

  • Keep out of the reach of children.
  • Store away from heat and direct light.
  • Keep the medicine from freezing. Do not refrigerate.
  • Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed. Ask your health care professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use. Be sure that any discarded medicine is out of the reach of children.

Precautions While Using This Medicine

If your eye infection does not improve within a few days, or if it becomes worse, check with your doctor.

This medicine may cause your eyes to become more sensitive to light than they are normally. Wearing sunglasses and avoiding too much exposure to bright light may help lessen the discomfort.

Side Effects of This Medicine

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted side effects. Many side effects that occur do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. However, check with your doctor if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome.

Less common

Itching, pain, redness or swelling of eye or eyelid; watering of eyes; decreased vision; fever; feeling of having something in the eye; headache; hoarseness; eye burning, dryness, itching, or pain; increased sensitivity of eyes to light

body aches or pain; congestion; dryness or soreness of throat; runny nose; swelling of the eyelid; tender, swollen glands in neck; trouble in swallowing

voice changes

Other side effects not listed above may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your doctor.

Developed: 10/20/2000

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