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All about: Mepivacaine

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Generic Name: Mepivacaine (me-PIV-a-kane)
Brand Name: Examples include Carbocaine and Polocaine

Mepivacaine is used for:

Causing numbness during surgical procedures, labor, or delivery. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Mepivacaine is a local anesthetic. It works by preventing nerves from transmitting painful impulses to the brain, which creates temporary anesthesia (lack of feeling or numbness).

Do NOT use Mepivacaine if:

  • you are allergic to any ingredient in Mepivacaine or to similar medicines

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using Mepivacaine :

Some medical conditions may interact with Mepivacaine . Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

  • if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
  • if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
  • if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
  • if you have inflammation or infection at the proposed injection site, severe heart problems, low blood pressure, low blood volume, or kidney or liver disease

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Mepivacaine . However, no specific interactions with Mepivacaine are known at this time.

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Mepivacaine may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Mepivacaine :

Use this medicine as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

  • Mepivacaine is usually administered as an injection at your doctor's office, hospital, or clinic. If you are using Mepivacaine at home, carefully follow the injection procedures taught to you by your health care provider.
  • If Mepivacaine contains particles or is discolored, or if the vial is cracked or damaged in any way, do not use it.
  • Keep this product, as well as syringes and needles, out of the reach of children and away from pets. Do not reuse needles, syringes, or other materials. Dispose of properly after use. Ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain local regulations for proper disposal.
  • If you miss a dose of Mepivacaine , contact your doctor right away.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Mepivacaine .

Important safety information:

  • Mepivacaine may cause dizziness, drowsiness, or blurred vision. Do not drive, operate machinery, or do anything else that could be dangerous until you know how you react to Mepivacaine . Using Mepivacaine alone, with certain other medicines, or with alcohol may lessen your ability to drive or perform other potentially dangerous tasks.
  • Temporary loss of sensation and motor activity may occur, usually in the lower half of the body, after receiving Mepivacaine .
  • Before receiving Mepivacaine , give your doctor a list of all medicines that you are taking.
  • If you are going home before the numbness wears off, protect the treated area from injury until you regain feeling.
  • PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant while taking Mepivacaine , discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of using Mepivacaine during pregnancy. It is unknown if Mepivacaine is excreted in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you are using Mepivacaine , check with your doctor or pharmacist to discuss the risks to your baby.

Possible side effects of Mepivacaine :

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Abnormal skin sensations; anxiety; backache; changes in speech patterns; chills; constricted pupils; depression; headache; inability to urinate or defecate; lightheadedness; metallic taste; numbness and tingling of the mouth and lips; numbness in the legs and feet; ringing in the ears; sexual dysfunction; twitching; weakness.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); blurred vision; changes in hearing; chest pain; convulsions; dizziness; drowsiness; excessive sweating; excitement; fainting; increased body temperature; increased heartbeat; interrupted breathing; irregular heartbeat; itching; lightheadedness; loss of consciousness; nausea; persistent numbness; redness; restlessness; slow heartbeat; sneezing; tremors; vomiting.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions or need medical advice about side effects, contact your doctor or health care provider. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 (1-800-332-1088) or at http://www.fda.gov/medwatch.

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center (http://www.aapcc.org/findyour.htm), or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include seizures; shortness of breath; slow heartbeat.

Proper storage of Mepivacaine :

Store Mepivacaine at room temperature, between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C), in a tightly closed container. Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Brief exposure at temperatures up to 104 degrees F (40 degrees C) will not affect the product. Keep Mepivacaine out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information:

  • If you have any questions about Mepivacaine , please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
  • Mepivacaine is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
  • If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Mepivacaine . If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

Issue Date: September 5, 2007
Database Edition 07.3.1.003
Copyright © 2007 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.

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