21 . November , 2017 - Tuesday
Check todays hot topics or new products

Find a Drug: Advanced

Please Sign in or Register

All about: Polyethylene Glycol (PEG)

Big Image Pronouncation: (poli-eth-uh-leen gli-cawl)
Class: Bowel evacuant

Trade Names:
- Powder for Oral Solution 255 g PEG 3350
- Powder for Oral Solution 527 g PEG 3350

Mechanism of Action


Acts as an osmotic agent by causing water to be retained with the stool.

Indications and Usage

Treatment of occasional constipation; use should be limited to 14 days or less.


Known or suspected bowel obstruction; allergy to polyethylene glycol.

Dosage and Administration


PO 17 g/day as directed by health care provider in 240 mL of water, juice, soda, coffee, or tea.

General Advice

  • If using bulk powder, measure prescribed quantity using measuring cap supplied with product or use 1 heaping Tbsp. Dissolve powder in 8 oz of water, juice, soda, coffee, or tea before administering.
  • If using individual packet, dissolve contents of 1 packet in 8 oz of water, juice, soda, coffee, or tea before administering.


Store at controlled room temperature (59° to 86°F).

Drug Interactions

None well documented.

Laboratory Test Interactions

None well documented.

Adverse Reactions


Nausea; abdominal bloating; cramping; flatulence; diarrhea; excessive stool frequency.



Category C .


Safety and efficacy not established.

Evaluation of constipation

Patients with complaints of constipation should have a thorough medical history and physical examination to detect associated metabolic, endocrine, and neurogenic conditions, and medications.

Symptoms of bowel obstruction

Patients with symptoms of bowel obstruction (eg, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain or distention) should be evaluated to rule out this condition before starting therapy.




Patient Information

  • Explain name, dose, action, and potential side effects of drug.
  • Educate patient regarding good defecatory and eating habits (eg, high fiber diet) and life-style changes (eg, adequate dietary fiber and fluid intake, regular exercise) that promote more regular bowel habits.
  • Advise patient that PEG should be used for 2 wk or less unless specified otherwise by health care provider. Caution patient that prolonged, frequent, or excessive use may result in electrolyte imbalance and dependence on laxatives.
  • Instruct patient to dissolve prescribed dose in 8 oz of water, juice, soda, coffee, or tea before taking.
  • Advise patient that medication does not work immediately and that 2 to 4 days of therapy may be required to produce a bowel movement.
  • Advise patient to notify health care provider if constipation does not improve, worsens, or if nausea, cramping, bloating, or diarrhea occur.
  • Caution patient not to take any prescription or OTC drugs, dietary supplements, or herbal preparations unless advised by health care provider.
  • Advise women to notify health care provider if pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding.
  • Advise patient that follow-up visits may be necessary to monitor therapy and to keep appointments.

Recent Drug Updates at DrugIndexOnline:

Amifostine Amifostine
Pronouncation: (am-ih-FOSS-teen) Class: Cytoprotective agent Trade Names: Ethyol - Powder for injection, lyophilized 500 mg (anhydrous basis) Mechanism of Action Pharmacology Organic thiophosphate cytoprotective agent that can reduce the toxicity of cisplatin. It binds to and thereby detoxifies, re more...

efalizumab efalizumab
Generic Name: efalizumab (eh fah LIH zyoo mab) Brand Names: Raptiva What is efalizumab? Efalizumab is an immunosuppressant. Immunosuppressants decrease the actions of the body's immune system. Efalizumab is used in the treatment of psoriasis. Efalizumab may also be used for purposes othe more...

Glyset Glyset
Generic Name: miglitol Dosage Form: Tablets Glyset Description Glyset Tablets contain miglitol, an oral alpha-glucosidase inhibitor for use in the management of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). Miglitol is a desoxynojirimycin derivative, and is chemically known as 3,4,5-piperidine more...

Guanfacine Guanfacine
Generic Name: Guanfacine hydrochloride Dosage Form: Tablets Guanfacine Description Guanfacine hydrochloride is a centrally acting antihypertensive with α2-adrenoceptor agonist properties in tablet form for oral administration. The chemical name of Guanfacine hydrochloride is N-Amidino-2-(2, more...

Impril Impril
Some commonly used brand names are: In the U.S.— Anafranil 3 Asendin 2 Aventyl 7 Elavil 1 Endep 1 Norfranil 6 Norpramin 4 Pamelor 7 Sinequan 5 Surmontil 9 Tipramine 6 Tofranil 6 Tofranil-PM 6 Vivactil 8 In Canada— Anafranil 3 Apo-Amitriptyline 1 Apo-Imipramine 6 Apo-Trimip 9 Asend more...

mesalamine mesalamine
Generic Name: mesalamine (oral) (me SAL a meen) Brand Names: Asacol, Lialda, Pentasa What is mesalamine oral? Mesalamine affects a substance in the body that causes inflammation, tissue damage, and diarrhea. Mesalamine is used to treat ulcerative colitis, proctitis, and proctosigmoiditis more...

Neomycin Sulfate Neomycin Sulfate
Generic Name: Neomycin Sulfate Dosage Form: Tablets To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of Neomycin Sulfate Tablets USP and other antibacterial drugs, Neomycin Sulfate Tablets USP should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven o more...

Polyethylene glycol Polyethylene glycol
Generic name: Polyethylene glycol Brand names: MiraLax Why is Polyethylene glycol prescribed? MiraLax is a remedy for constipation. It works by retaining water in the stool, softening it and increasing the frequency of bowel movements. It may take up to 2 to 4 days to work. Most important fact more...