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All about: Progesterone

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Generic Name: Progesterone Capsules (pro-JESS-ter-ohn)
Brand Name: Prometrium

Progesterone should not be used in combination with estrogen to prevent heart disease. Progesterone taken in combination with estrogen can increase the risk of heart disease (including heart attacks), stroke, serious blood clots in the lung (pulmonary embolism) or leg (deep venous thrombosis), breast cancer, or dementia. This combination may also increase the risk of cancer of the ovary. These risks appear to depend on the length of time this combination of medicine is used and the amount of estrogen per dose. Therefore, the combination of estrogen and Progesterone should be used for the shortest possible length of time at the lowest effective dose, so you obtain the benefits and minimize the chance of serious side effects for long-term treatment. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for more information.


Progesterone is used for:

Protecting the lining of the uterus in certain women who are also taking estrogen. It is used to treat certain women who have do not have a menstrual period because of decreased progesterone in the body. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Progesterone is a hormone. It works by changing the lining of the uterus.

Do NOT use Progesterone if:

  • you are allergic to any ingredient in Progesterone or to peanuts
  • you have a history of cancer of the breast, ovary, lining of the uterus, cervix, or vagina; vaginal bleeding of unknown cause; blood clots or clotting problems; or liver disease; or you have had a recent miscarriage; or have had a stroke or heart attack within the past year
  • you are pregnant

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using Progesterone :

Some medical conditions may interact with Progesterone . Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

  • if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
  • if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
  • if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
  • if you have heart or blood vessel problems, bleeding problems, high blood pressure, high cholesterol or lipid levels, diabetes, kidney problems, asthma, migraine headaches, or lupus
  • if you have a history of seizures, depression or other mental or mood problems, cancer, or tobacco use
  • if you have a family history of blood clots
  • if you are very overweight

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Progesterone . Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

  • Rifampin because it may decrease Progesterone 's effectiveness

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Progesterone may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Progesterone :

Use Progesterone as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

  • An extra patient leaflet is available with Progesterone . Talk to your pharmacist if you have questions about this information.
  • Take Progesterone by mouth with or without food.
  • If you miss a dose of Progesterone , take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Progesterone .

Important safety information:

  • Progesterone may cause drowsiness, dizziness, blurred vision, or lightheadedness. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Progesterone with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.
  • This product has peanut oil in it. Do not take Progesterone if you are allergic to peanuts.
  • Diabetes patients - Progesterone may affect your blood sugar. Check blood sugar levels closely. Ask your doctor before you change the dose of your diabetes medicine.
  • Progesterone may increase your risk of developing blood clots. If you will be having surgery or be confined to a bed or chair for a long period of time (such as a long plane flight), notify your doctor beforehand. Special precautions may be needed in these circumstances while you are taking Progesterone .
  • Progesterone may interfere with certain lab tests. Be sure your doctor and lab personnel know you are taking Progesterone .
  • Lab tests, including monthly breast self-exams, yearly breast exams, Pap smears, and pelvic exams, may be performed while you use Progesterone . These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.
  • Progesterone should not be used in CHILDREN; safety and effectiveness in children have not been confirmed.
  • PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: Do not use Progesterone if you are pregnant. Avoid becoming pregnant while you are taking it. If you think you may be pregnant, contact your doctor right away. Progesterone is found in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you use Progesterone , check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby.

Possible side effects of Progesterone :

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Bloating; breast tenderness; diarrhea; dizziness; drowsiness; dry mouth; fluid retention; headache; heartburn; irritability; muscle pain; nausea; stomach pain or cramping; tiredness; vomiting.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); abnormal vaginal bleeding; bulging eyes; coughing up blood; dark urine; double vision; fainting; gallstones; mental or mood changes (eg, depression or worry); migraine; numbness of an arm or leg; pain or lumps in the breast; one-sided weakness; pounding in the chest; seizures or tremors; severe stomach pain; speech problems; stomach pain, swelling, or tenderness; sudden, severe chest pain or numbness; sudden, severe headache; sudden, severe vomiting, dizziness, or fainting; sudden sharp pain or swelling in the calf or leg; sudden shortness of breath; swelling of the ankles or fingers; vision problems or changes (including sudden, partial, or full loss of vision); yellowing of the eyes or skin.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions or need medical advice about side effects, contact your doctor or health care provider. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 (1-800-332-1088) or at http://www.fda.gov/medwatch.

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center (http://www.aapcc.org/findyour.htm), or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include dizziness; nausea; sleepiness; vomiting.

Proper storage of Progesterone :

Store Progesterone at 77 degrees F (25 degrees C) in a tight, light-resistant container. Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Progesterone out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information:

  • If you have any questions about Progesterone , please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
  • Progesterone is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
  • If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Progesterone . If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

Issue Date: September 5, 2007
Database Edition 07.3.1.003
Copyright © 2007 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.

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