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All about: Cefditoren

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Generic name: Cefditoren
Brand names: Spectracef

Why is Cefditoren prescribed?

Spectracef cures mild-to-moderate bacterial infections of the skin, throat, and respiratory tract. Among these infections are pneumonia, strep throat, and tonsillitis. Spectracef is also prescribed for acute flare-ups of chronic bronchitis. Spectracef is a cephalosporin antibiotic.

Most important fact about Cefditoren

If you are allergic to either penicillin or cephalosporin antibiotics (such as Ceftin, Lorabid, or Suprax), consult your doctor before taking Spectracef. An allergy to either type of medication may indicate a possible allergy to Spectracef, and if a reaction does occur, it could be extremely severe. Seek medical attention immediately if you develop any signs of an allergic reaction, including rash, hives, breathing problems, or swelling of the face or throat.

How should you take Cefditoren?

Spectracef should be taken with meals to enhance absorption. Do not take it with antacids such as Tums or other medications that reduce stomach acid.

To make certain your infection is completely cleared up, take all of the medication exactly as your doctor prescribes, even if you begin to feel better after the first few days.

Certain antibiotics are known to interfere with oral contraceptives; however, it's okay to take Spectracef if you're using birth control pills.

--If you miss a dose...

Take it as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the one you missed and go back to your regular schedule. Do not take two doses at once.

--Storage instructions...

Store at room temperature; protect from light and moisture.

What side effects may occur?

Side effects cannot be anticipated. If any develop or change in intensity, tell your doctor as soon as possible. Only your doctor can determine if it is safe to continue using Spectracef.

  • More common side effects may include:
    Diarrhea, headache, nausea, vaginal infection

Why should Cefditoren not be prescribed?

If you are sensitive to or have ever had an allergic reaction to Spectracef or other cephalosporin antibiotics, such as Suprax, do not take Cefditoren.

You cannot use Spectracef if you have a deficiency of the amino acid carnitine, or if you have a problem metabolizing carnitine. You should also avoid the drug if you're allergic to milk protein, since Spectracef contains this substance. However, being lactose intolerant should not prevent you from using Spectracef.

Special warnings about Cefditoren

Notify your doctor if you have had allergic reactions to penicillins or other cephalosporin antibiotics.

If you have a history of gastrointestinal disease, particularly colitis, take Spectracef with caution. If you develop diarrhea while taking Spectracef, check with your doctor. The problem could be a sign of a serious condition.

Be sure to tell your doctor if you have kidney problems. Your dosage may have to be lowered.

Spectracef should be used only for short-term treatment. Taking Cefditoren for too long could lead to a deficiency of the amino acid carnitine. Certain people, especially those with kidney problems or decreased muscle mass, are more likely to develop a carnitine deficiency.

Cephalosporin antibiotics such as Spectracef could interfere with blood clotting. Especially at risk are people who have kidney or liver problems, are undernourished, or have been taking blood thinners or long-term antibiotic treatment.

Repeated use of Spectracef may result in an overgrowth of bacteria that do not respond to the medication and can cause a secondary infection. Therefore, do not save Cefditoren for use at another time. Take Cefditoren only when directed to do so by your doctor.

Possible food and drug interactions when taking Cefditoren

If Spectracef is taken with certain other drugs, the effects of either could be increased, decreased, or altered. It is especially important to check with your doctor before combining Spectracef with the following:

Antacids such as Tums, Rolaids, or Maalox
Blood thinners such as warfarin (Coumadin)
Probenecid (Benemid)
Ulcer drugs known as H2 blockers such as famotidine (Pepcid)

Special information if you are pregnant or breastfeeding

The effects of Spectracef during pregnancy or labor and delivery have not been adequately studied. If you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant, tell your doctor immediately.

Animal studies show that Spectracef can appear in breast milk. If Cefditoren is essential to your health, your doctor may advise you to stop breastfeeding until your treatment is finished.

Recommended dosage

ADULTS AND CHILDREN 12 YEARS AND OLDER

For Acute Flare-ups of Chronic Bronchitis

The usual dose is 400 milligrams twice a day for 10 days.

For Pharyngitis, Tonsillitis, and Skin Infections

The usual dose is 200 milligrams twice a day for 10 days.

For Community-Acquired Pneumonia

The usual dose is 400 milligrams twice a day for 14 days.

If you have kidney disease, the dose may be lower.

CHILDREN LESS THAN 12 YEARS OLD

Spectracef has not been studied in children less than 12 years old and should not be used in this age group.

Overdosage

Although no specific information is available, an overdose of cephalosporin antibiotics has been known to cause nausea, vomiting, stomach problems, and convulsions. Any medication taken in excess can have serious consequences. If you suspect an overdose of Spectracef, seek medical attention immediately.

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