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All about: Dalmane

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Generic name: Flurazepam hydrochloride
Brand names: Dalmane

Why is Dalmane prescribed?

Dalmane is used for the relief of insomnia, defined as difficulty falling asleep, waking up frequently at night, or waking up early in the morning. It can be used by people whose insomnia keeps coming back and in those who have poor sleeping habits. It belongs to a class of drugs known as benzodiazepines.

Most important fact about Dalmane

Tolerance and dependence can occur with the use of Dalmane. You may experience withdrawal symptoms if you stop using Dalmane abruptly. Discontinue or change your dose only in consultation with your doctor.

How should you take Dalmane?

Take Dalmane exactly as prescribed.

--If you miss a dose...

Take the dose you missed as soon as you remember, if it is within an hour or so of the scheduled time. If you do not remember it until later, skip the dose you missed and go back to your regular schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

--Storage instructions...

Store away from heat, light, and moisture.

What side effects may occur?

Side effects cannot be anticipated. If any develop or change in intensity, inform your doctor as soon as possible. Only your doctor can determine if it is safe for you to continue taking Dalmane.

  • More common side effects may include:
    Dizziness, drowsiness, falling, lack of muscular coordination, light-headedness, staggering
  • Side effects due to a rapid decrease in dose or abrupt withdrawal from Dalmane:
    Abdominal and muscle cramps, convulsions, depressed mood, inability to fall asleep or stay asleep, sweating, tremors, vomiting

Why should Dalmane not be prescribed?

If you are sensitive to or have had an allergic reaction to Dalmane or similar drugs such as Valium, you should not take Dalmane. Make sure your doctor is aware of any drug reactions you have experienced.

Special warnings about Dalmane

Dalmane will cause you to become drowsy or less alert; therefore, you should not drive or operate dangerous machinery or participate in any hazardous activity that requires full mental alertness after taking Dalmane.

If you are severely depressed or have suffered from severe depression, consult with your doctor before taking Dalmane.

If you have decreased kidney or liver function or chronic respiratory or lung disease, discuss use of Dalmane with your doctor.

Possible food and drug interactions when taking Dalmane

Alcohol intensifies the effects of Dalmane. Do not drink alcohol while taking Dalmane.

If Dalmane is taken with certain other drugs, the effects of either could be increased, decreased, or altered. It is especially important to check with your doctor before combining Dalmane with the following:

Antidepressants such as Elavil and Tofranil
Antihistamines such as Benadryl and Tavist
Antipsychotic drugs such as Mellaril and chlorpromazine
Barbiturates such as Seconal and phenobarbital
Narcotic painkillers such as Demerol and Tylenol with Codeine
Sedatives such as Xanax and Halcion
Tranquilizers such as Librium and Valium

Special information if you are pregnant or breastfeeding

Do not take Dalmane if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant. There is an increased risk of birth defects. This drug may appear in breast milk and could affect a nursing infant. If Dalmane is essential to your health, your doctor may advise you to discontinue breastfeeding until your treatment with Dalmane is finished.

Recommended dosage

ADULTS

The usual recommended dose is 30 milligrams at bedtime; however 15 milligrams may be all that is necessary. Your doctor will adjust the dose to your needs.

CHILDREN

Safety and effectiveness of Dalmane have not been established in children under 15 years of age.

OLDER ADULTS

Your doctor will limit the dosage to the smallest effective amount to avoid oversedation, dizziness, confusion, or lack of muscle coordination. The usual starting dose is 15 milligrams.

Overdosage

Any medication taken in excess can cause symptoms of overdose. If you suspect an overdose of Dalmane, seek medical attention immediately.

  • The symptoms of Dalmane overdose may include:
    Coma, confusion, low blood pressure, sleepiness

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