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All about: Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup

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Generic Name: Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup (dex-klor-fen-IR-a-meen)
Brand Name: Generic only. No brands available.

Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup is used for:

Relieving symptoms of sinus congestion, sinus pressure, runny nose, watery eyes, itching of the nose and throat, and sneezing due to upper respiratory infections (eg, colds), allergies, and hay fever. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup is an antihistamine. It works by blocking the action of histamine, which helps reduce symptoms such as watery eyes and sneezing.

Do NOT use Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup if:

  • you are allergic to any ingredient in Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup
  • you are taking sodium oxybate (GHB) or if you have taken furazolidone or a monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor (eg, phenelzine) within the last 14 days
  • you are breast-feeding
  • the patient is a newborn or premature infant

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup:

Some medical conditions may interact with Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

  • if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant
  • if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
  • if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
  • if you have a fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat
  • if you have a history of asthma, lung problems (eg, emphysema), heart problems, high blood pressure, diabetes, heart blood vessel problems, stroke, glaucoma, a blockage of your stomach or intestines, ulcers, a blockage of your bladder, trouble urinating, an enlarged prostate, seizures, or an overactive thyroid

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

  • Furazolidone, MAO inhibitors (eg, phenelzine), sodium oxybate (GHB), or tricyclic antidepressants (eg, amitriptyline) because side effects of Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup may be increased
  • Hydantoins (eg, phenytoin) because side effects may be increased by Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup:

Use Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

  • Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup may be taken with or without food.
  • Use a measuring device marked for medicine dosing. Ask your pharmacist for help if you are unsure of how to measure your dose.
  • If you miss a dose of Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup.

Important safety information:

  • Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup may cause dizziness, drowsiness, or blurred vision. Do not drive, operate machinery, or do anything else that could be dangerous until you know how you react to Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup. Using Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup alone, with certain other medicines, or with alcohol may lessen your ability to drive or perform other potentially dangerous tasks.
  • Avoid drinking alcohol or taking other medications that cause drowsiness (eg, sedatives, tranquilizers) while taking Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup. Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup will add to the effects of alcohol and other depressants. Ask your pharmacist if you have questions about which medicines are depressants.
  • Do NOT exceed the recommended dose or take Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup for longer than prescribed without checking with your doctor.
  • If your symptoms do not improve within 5 to 7 days or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
  • Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup may cause increased sensitivity to the sun. Avoid exposure to the sun, sunlamps, or tanning booths until you know how you react to Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup. Use a sunscreen or protective clothing if you must be outside for a prolonged period.
  • Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup should not be used to treat asthma or other lower respiratory tract (eg, lung) problems.
  • If you are scheduled for allergy skin testing, do not take Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup for several days before the test because it may decrease your response to the skin tests.
  • Before you have any medical or dental treatments, emergency care, or surgery, tell the doctor or dentist that you are using Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup.
  • Use Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup with caution in the ELDERLY because they may be more sensitive to its effects, especially dizziness, drowsiness, and low blood pressure.
  • Caution is advised when using Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup in CHILDREN because they may be more sensitive to its effects.
  • Use Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup with extreme caution in CHILDREN younger than 2 years of age. Safety and effectiveness in this age group have not been confirmed.
  • PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant while taking Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup, discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of using Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup during pregnancy. It is unknown if this medicine is excreted in breast milk. Do not breast-feed while taking Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup.

Possible side effects of Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Constipation; diarrhea; dizziness; drowsiness; dry mouth, nose, or throat; excitability; headache; loss of appetite; nausea; nervousness or anxiety; trouble sleeping; upset stomach; vomiting; weakness.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); difficulty urinating or inability to urinate; fast or irregular heartbeat; hallucinations; seizures; severe dizziness, lightheadedness, or headache; tremor; trouble sleeping; vision changes.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions or need medical advice about side effects, contact your doctor or health care provider. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 (1-800-332-1088) or at http://www.fda.gov/medwatch.

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center (http://www.aapcc.org/findyour.htm), or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include blurred vision; confusion; hallucinations; seizures; severe dizziness, lightheadedness, or headache; severe drowsiness; unusually fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat; and vomiting.

Proper storage of Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup:

Store Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup at room temperature, between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information:

  • If you have any questions about Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
  • Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
  • If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Dexchlorpheniramine Syrup. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

Issue Date: September 5, 2007
Database Edition 07.3.1.003
Copyright © 2007 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.

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