17 . February , 2020 - Monday
Check todays hot topics or new products

Find a Drug: Advanced

Please Sign in or Register

All about: Diazepam

Big Image

Generic name: Diazepam
Brand names: Valium

Why is Diazepam prescribed?

Valium is used in the treatment of anxiety disorders and for short-term relief of the symptoms of anxiety. It belongs to a class of drugs known as benzodiazepines.

It is also used to relieve the symptoms of acute alcohol withdrawal, to relax muscles, to relieve the uncontrolled muscle movements caused by cerebral palsy and paralysis of the lower body and limbs, to control involuntary movement of the hands (athetosis), to relax tight, aching muscles, and, along with other medications, to treat convulsive disorders such as epilepsy.

Most important fact about Diazepam

Valium can be habit-forming or addictive. You may experience withdrawal symptoms if you stop using Diazepam abruptly. Discontinue or change your dose only on your doctor's advice.

How should you take Diazepam?

Take Diazepam exactly as prescribed. If you are taking Valium for epilepsy, make sure you take it every day at the same time.

--If you miss a dose...

Take it as soon as you remember if it is within an hour or so of the scheduled time. If you do not remember until later, skip the dose you missed and go back to your regular schedule. Never take 2 doses at the same time.

--Storage instructions...

Store away from heat, light, and moisture.

What side effects may occur?

Side effects cannot be anticipated. If any develop or change in intensity, inform your doctor as soon as possible. Only your doctor can determine if it is safe for you to continue taking Valium.

  • More common side effects may include:
    Anxiety, drowsiness, fatigue, light-headedness, loss of muscle coordination
  • Side effects due to a rapid decrease in dose or abrupt withdrawal from Valium:
    Abdominal and muscle cramps, convulsions, sweating, tremors, vomiting

Why should Diazepam not be prescribed?

If you are sensitive to or have ever had an allergic reaction to Valium, you should not take Diazepam.

Do not take Diazepam if you have the eye condition known as acute narrow-angle glaucoma.

Anxiety or tension related to everyday stress usually does not require treatment with such a powerful drug as Valium. Discuss your symptoms thoroughly with your doctor.

Valium should not be prescribed if you are being treated for mental disorders more serious than anxiety.

Special warnings about Diazepam

Valium may cause you to become drowsy or less alert; therefore, you should not drive or operate dangerous machinery or participate in any hazardous activity that requires full mental alertness until you know how Diazepam affects you.

If you have liver or kidney problems, use Diazepam cautiously.

Possible food and drug interactions when taking Diazepam

Valium slows down the central nervous system and may intensify the effects of alcohol. Do not drink alcohol while taking Diazepam.

If Valium is taken with certain other drugs, the effects of either could be increased, decreased, or altered. It is especially important to check with your doctor before combining Valium with any of the following:

Antiseizure drugs such as Dilantin
Antidepressant drugs such as Elavil and Prozac
Antipsychotic drugs such as Mellaril and chlorpromazine
Barbiturates such as phenobarbital
Cimetidine (Tagamet)
Digoxin (Lanoxin)
Disulfiram (Antabuse)
Fluoxetine (Prozac)
Isoniazid (Rifamate)
Levodopa (Larodopa, Sinemet)
MAO inhibitors (antidepressant drugs such as Nardil)
Narcotics such as Percocet
Omeprazole (Prilosec)
Oral contraceptives
Propoxyphene (Darvon)
Ranitidine (Zantac)
Rifampin (Rifadin)

Special information if you are pregnant or breastfeeding

Do not take Valium if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant. There is an increased risk of birth defects.

If Diazepam is essential to your health, your doctor may advise you to discontinue breastfeeding until your treatment is finished.

Recommended dosage

ADULTS

Treatment of Anxiety Disorders and Short-Term Relief of the Symptoms of Anxiety

The usual dose, depending upon severity of symptoms, is 2 milligrams to 10 milligrams 2 to 4 times daily.

Acute Alcohol Withdrawal

The usual dose is 10 milligrams 3 or 4 times during the first 24 hours, then 5 milligrams 3 or 4 times daily as needed.

Relief of Muscle Spasm

The usual dose is 2 milligrams to 10 milligrams 3 or 4 times daily.

Convulsive Disorders

The usual dose is 2 milligrams to 10 milligrams 2 to 4 times daily.

CHILDREN

Valium should not be given to children under 6 months of age.

The usual starting dose for children over 6 months is 1 to 2.5 milligrams 3 or 4 times a day. Your doctor may increase the dosage gradually if needed.

OLDER ADULTS

The usual dosage is 2 milligrams to 2.5 milligrams once or twice a day, which your doctor will increase as needed. Your doctor will limit the dosage to the smallest effective amount because older people are more apt to become oversedated or uncoordinated.

Overdosage

Any medication taken in excess can have serious consequences. If you suspect an overdose, seek medical attention immediately.

  • Symptoms of Valium overdose may include:
    Coma, confusion, diminished reflexes, sleepiness

Recent Drug Updates at DrugIndexOnline:





Cotazym E.C.S. 8 Cotazym E.C.S. 8
Some commonly used brand names are: In the U.S.— Cotazym Cotazym-S Creon 5 Creon 10 Creon 20 Enzymase-16 Ilozyme Ku-Zyme HP Lipram 4500 Lipram-CR10 Lipram-PN10 Lipram-UL12 Lipram-PN16 Lipram-UL18 Lipram-CR20 Lipram-UL20 Lipram-PN20 Pancoate Pancrease Pancrease MT 4 Pancrease MT 10 Pancrea more...

Famotidine Solution Famotidine Solution
Generic Name: Famotidine Injection Solution (fa-MOE-tih-deen) Brand Name: PepcidFamotidine Solution is used for:Treating and preventing ulcers of the stomach and upper small intestine; conditions that cause increased acid secretion (eg, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome); gastroesophageal reflux diseas more...

Fungatin Fungatin
Generic Name: tolnaftate topical (toll NAF tate) Brand Names: Absorbine Athletes Foot, Absorbine Jr. Antifungal, Aftate For Athletes Foot, Blis-To-Sol, Desenex Spray, Fungatin, Fungi-Guard, Genaspor, Hongos, NP 27, Podactin, T-Athlete, Tinactin, Tinaspore, Ting What is Fungatin (tolnafta more...

Keflex Suspension Keflex Suspension
Generic Name: Cephalexin Suspension (SEF-a-LEX-in) Brand Name: KeflexKeflex Suspension is used for:Treating certain bacterial infections. Keflex Suspension is a cephalosporin antibiotic. It works by interfering with the bacteria's cell wall formation. This weakens the cell wall, causing it to ru more...

Kwell Topical Kwell Topical
Some commonly used brand names are: In the U.S.— Kwell Thionex In Canada— Hexit PMS Lindane Generic name product may be available in the U.S. and Canada. Another commonly used name for lindane is gamma benzene hexachloride . Category Pediculicide Scabicide Description Lin more...

Pimecrolimus Topical Pimecrolimus Topical
Some commonly used brand names are: In the U.S.— Elidel Category Immunomodulator Description Pimecrolimus (pim-e-KROW-li-mus) cream is used for mild to moderate atopic dermatitis. This is a skin condition where there is itching, redness and inflammation, much like an allergic rea more...

Plendil Plendil
Generic Name: felodipine Dosage Form: Extended-release tablets Plendil Description Plendil (felodipine) is a calcium antagonist (calcium channel blocker). Felodipine is a dihydropyridine derivative that is chemically described as ± ethyl methyl 4-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)-1,4-dihydro-2,6-dimeth more...

Prefest Prefest
Generic Name: Estradiol Tablets and Norgestimate with Ethinyl Estradiol Tablets (ess-tra-DYE-ole/nor-JES-ti-mate/ETH-in-il ess-tra-DYE-ole) Brand Name: PrefestPrefest and similar medicines may increase the risk of heart attacks, strokes, breast cancer, and blood clots. Cigarette smoking increas more...